The Basic Rundown
Vincent van Gogh sold one painting during his life…to his mother. So why do we all know his name? The brilliantly tormented Dutch artist painted one of the most recognizable paintings in all of history in Starry Night, where his trademark short, dynamic brushstrokes and over-saturated color seemingly vibrate off the canvas. The works in this collection pay homage to an artist who, despite maddening talent, was paid very little attention during his prime.
A Basic History
Vincent Van Gogh was was born in Southern Holland on March 30, 1853. He is one of the most well known and influential artists of the 19th century.
His early works are poignant portrayals of the Dutch working class. Eventually, van Gogh moved to Paris to live with his brother, Theo. There, he befriended Pissarro, Monet, and Gauguin and gleaned inspiration from impressionist, post-impressionist, and Barbizon School artists who were working contemporaneously. Vincent van Gogh defined post-impressionism with his textural, impasto painting technique and bright color palette.
In his thirties, van Gogh’s life took a tragic turn. When his friendship with Gauguin reached its tensest moments after a slow deterioration, van Gogh threatened his friend with a razor, and famously cut off part of his own ear. Manic paranoia and epilepsy moored him to asylums during this time. At the age of 37, Van Gogh committed suicide.
Although his artistry was not appreciated during his lifetime,van Gogh has become a pilar of modern art through his contributions to post-impressionism and fine art as a whole. Amplified with color, his impasto technique augmented the colorless light and shadow of his predecessors, the impressionists. His paintings reflected the scenes in his life: peasant workers, flowers and French landscapes, portraits of others, and tormented portraits of his mind.
The Starry Night, 1889
The Potato Eaters, 1885
Wheat Field with Crows, 1890
The Yellow House, 1888
Almond Blossom, 1890
Head of a Skeleton with a Burning Cigarette, 1886
La Berceuse, 1888–1889
Flowering Plum Tree, 1887
Bulb Fields, 1883
Influenced by: Jean-Francois Millet, Anton Mauve, Claude Monet, Honoré Daumier, Eugène Delacroix